Blockchain: extending the lifeline of companies
At the end of 2019, total annual M&A volume had exceeded USD 3 trillion for the sixth year in a row, with analysts predicting further growth in 2020.
The coronavirus pandemic has since cast huge uncertainty on this prediction, as it takes an unprecedented toll on global financial markets. But for companies that turn to consolidation in order to survive a period of turbulence, what role can blockchain technology play in making the process as inexpensive and efficient as possible?
A classic by-product of tough times is consolidation in markets. In a bear-ish market, companies often seek to merge or be acquired by another company in order to enable them to continue to operate. While this may seem like an opportunistic play by the acquiring company, it is often a matter of survival for the firm being acquired.
Government-enforced lockdowns in response to the global coronavirus pandemic have currently forced businesses in virtually every sector and every country to press pause on their operations, or radically change their way of working.
Financial markets are spiralling, and the future for the economy is uncertain. Against this backdrop, it is highly likely some sectors will see a spike in M&A activity in the coming months as firms look for any alternative to ceasing operations and laying off staff.
It goes without saying that a firm that finds itself in such a position will typically be strapped for resources and will be looking to complete the M&A process as quickly, cost-effectively and efficiently as possible.
Unfortunately, to say mergers and acquisitions are difficult and costly is a huge understatement. One of the reasons for this difficulty is the complex combination of legacy technology systems used throughout the process.
Until the acquisition is truly complete, there is a phase where the two companies need to consolidate data across multiple financial and non-financial statements such as balance sheets, P&L statements, asset registers, shareholding patterns, inventory details and more. This leads to a lot of discrepancies and reconciliations, holding up the process and requiring a vast amount of internal and external resources, which all come with a price tag.
The lifecycle of an M&A deal usually involves multiple parties such as lawyers, external M&A advisors, auditors and tax consultants, each with their own disparate manual processes. Companies are often sceptical of M&A because of the time and cost involved without any certainty of return on investment, especially in the current challenging economic environment. Blockchain technology can ease – and in many cases, remove – these concerns.
Times of crisis often fast-track innovations in technology that can better equip us to handle similar events in the future. Blockchain is one such technology. We face a period of unprecedented uncertainty and hardship as a result of the pandemic, and a conversation about the benefits of blockchain and M&A can feel understandably insignificant. But it is important every industry plays its role in ensuring we as a society are better equipped to handle a crisis of this scale in the future.
Many of the inefficiencies in the M&A process are centred around the issue of establishing trust. Intermediaries such as lawyers and brokers are used to facilitate trust between the two parties partaking in the transaction. With its decentralised and irrefutable ledger of transactions maintained by the participants in a system, blockchain technology can help establish this trust and share information far more effectively and securely.
A blockchain platform, developed specifically for enterprise usage, can reduce costs, simplify and accelerate the M&A process. At a time when companies need to move quickly to lessen the impact of a pandemic-induced global slowdown, time and cost are critical variables.
By removing cost barriers, a broader selection of companies would be able to consider M&A as a route to protect and enhance their businesses. This includes SMEs with limited resources, which may be amongst the worst affected by the coronavirus crisis. The efficiency and cost benefits also extend to the third parties involved in M&A deals, such as investment bankers and accounting firms.
Clearly, M&A is one of the most commercially sensitive processes in the financial services space, so the technology it uses must be secure, robust and handle data privacy appropriately. Legacy blockchains, like bitcoin and Ethereum, suffer from scalability challenges, low data throughput and privacy frameworks that share all data with all nodes on the network.
Purpose-built enterprise blockchain platforms were designed to tackle these issues while still delivering the core benefits of the underlying technology. A platform that offers a unique privacy-first approach only allows participants in a transaction to view sensitive data, and the platform offers a flow framework that could be leveraged to model various business processes. Further, notaries’ concept can be used to provide a view to regulators. The potential for such a platform to streamline M&A deals and make the process cheaper and faster is vast.
Applications are already being developed on enterprise blockchain platforms that will offer companies a critical lifeline in future times of crisis, such as that in which we currently find ourselves. Our financial services infrastructure must continue its digital evolution if it is to perform its required function for the broadest possible pool of participants when they require it the most – and blockchain will be at the heart of this transformation.
By Nikhil Surve, Associate Director, R3