AWS report: Unlocking APAC’s Digital Potential
Amazon Web Services (AWS) has released a new report looking into the digital skills needed by APAC countries in the next five years.
Unlocking APAC’s Digital Potential: Changing Digital Skill Needs and Policy Approaches was commissioned by AWS and prepared by strategy and economics consulting firm AlphaBeta. The in-depth report analyses the digital skills applied by workers in their jobs today and the digital skills required by workforces over the next five years. The report focuses six APAC countries – Singapore, Australia, India, Indonesia, Japan, and South Korea.
The report highlights how digital skills are currently being applied, potential digital skill needs over five years, and provides workforce skills development recommendations. The report also identifies current skill levels and gaps for each country.
Key findings show gaps in current workforce
Almost 150 million workers in the six countries in the study apply digital skills in their jobs today, with cloud computing among the most commonly applied. The study found that 48% of the digital workers not applying cloud skills today believe cloud skills will be a requirement by 2025.
Four types of workers will need to gain new digital skills by 2025: current digitally skilled workers, current non-digitally workers, future workforce (today’s students), and those needing to reskill.
Skilling the workforce for the future
According to the report, the number of workers applying digital skills will increase more than five-fold from 149 million to 819 million workers in 2025. To achieve this level of skilling, the average worker will need to gain seven new digital skills by 2025, and 5.7 billion digital skill trainings will be required.
Cloud architecture design emerged as one of the five most “in-demand” skills by 2025 in all countries. Helping organizations transition from on premises-based to cloud-based infrastructure will also become more important.
Current digital workers will need to focus on training in advanced data skills including cybersecurity, artificial intelligence (AI), and machine learning (ML).
Bridging APAC’s digital skills gaps with AWS
AWS helps bridge digital skills gaps with training programs for in-demand cloud computing skills – with more than 500 free, on-demand online courses.
AWS also provides training courses for workers looking to upskill or reskill in a range of topics like cloud architecture, cybersecurity, and data analytics.
Q&A: Professor Loredana Padurean, Asia School of Business
As someone who is creating Asia Pacific’s business leaders of the future, what do you believe are the essential skills leaders require?
In many ways, we need leaders who are Renaissance women/men or polymaths, as opposed to specialists of an industry or a field. A polymath is a person with profound knowledge, proficiency and expertise in multiple fields and today’s leaders have to be able to combine various ideas, look at problems in novel and useful ways, and develop a broad and yet still deep set of skills, talents, and knowledge.
You’ve coined ‘smart’ and ‘sharp’ as skills of the future. What are these?
They are replacements for ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ skills, a concept coined by a US Army doctor in 1972 who observed that his pupils had different skills: dealing with machinery required ‘hard’ skills, while dealing with people and paper were ‘soft’ skills. This concept has served us well since, but I find it too binary, not to mention the semantic implications of the words themselves.
Soft implies gentle, delicate, mild, quiet, tender, weak. However, there is nothing soft in navigating competing perspectives and cultures, handling and delivering critical feedback or dealing with office politics. Instead, I prefer to call these skills ‘smart’. Hard implies rigid, difficult, heavy, static. But how can we think of engineering or software development as static or rigid? I believe ‘sharp’ is more apt as such skills need constant updating or sharpening.
I think it’s time to reflect on these classifications, because we can drastically change someone’s perspective by how we choose to talk about and frame something.
How important are smart skills in leadership today?
Smart skills are more important than ever because we live in a world of extreme diversity: generational, ethical, value-based, gender, etc. Gone are the days when giving an order was an effective act of leadership. I personally work with people from five different continents and across five different generations, therefore as leaders, we need to know how to adapt, motivate, inspire and connect. We need to increase our investment in learning about them in action, especially as smart skills are more difficult to develop.
I believe that a successful leader today has to be both smart and sharp. Take cognitive readiness, one of my top 10 smart skills. In order to be cognitive ready, one has to master system dynamics, one of my top 10 sharp skills. Also, did you know that one of the primary reasons why digital transformation fails is not the absence of digital literacy, a sharp skill, but the need for more validation and adaptability, both smart skills. So, instead of thinking of these skills as binary, I prefer to think of them as the yin and yang; co-existing and complementing each other.
So, you can teach leaders smart skills then?
Yes, you can, via a combination of the classroom experience, plus an action component supported by deeply embedded reflection. At ASB we call this Action Learning, and we teach it both in the MBA and in the executive programs. For example, in teaching a leader emotional maturity as a smart skill, first they need to learn what it is, and then act on it, before reflecting on what we did and how we did it. And then to repeat it, but this time with more expertise and awareness. It’s not easy, but that’s why my favourite mantra is ‘the job is easy, the people are not’.
Discover Professor Padurean's successful skills for a digital transformation here